Periodontal (gum) diseases include gingivitis and periodontitis. They are serious infections of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. Periodontal diseases can affect one tooth or many teeth. Their main cause is bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth and harbors millions of microorganisms.
However, factors like the following also affect the health of your gums.
To determine whether you have periodontitis and how severe it is, our Consultant Periodontist may:
The goal of periodontitis treatment is to thoroughly clean the pockets around teeth and prevent damage to surrounding bone. You have the best chance for successful treatment when you also adopt a daily routine of good oral care, manage health conditions that may impact dental health and stop tobacco use.
If periodontitis isn't advanced, treatment may involve less invasive procedures, including:
If you have advanced periodontitis, treatment may require dental surgery, such as:
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